Global and International (ex-US) equity

Through a distinct philosophy and thorough process, we aim to find those opportunities around the globe that we believe are most likely to result in attractive returns for investors

Potential, valuation and timing

Our PVT investment philosophy recognises the three key factors that enable us to discover the most promising investment opportunities regardless of market conditions.

We evaluate all stocks according to a combination of these clearly defined and continuously monitored investment factors. This enables our team to maximize returns and minimize risk.

The potential of a company represents its ability to create economic value for shareholders. Economic value is enhanced by a growth in profits, cash flow or asset backing. We look for companies with above average value creation potential.

Valuation represents the gap between the stock market’s valuation of the company (i.e. its current share price) and its underlying economic worth. This gap is what we call the pricing anomaly.

Timing addresses the issue of when is the right time to buy and sell. It aims to minimize the risk of being too early into an investment, and to optimise the period of time held and returns generated once an investment has been made.

Categories of potential

Over the years we have found that companies that can deliver above average potential divide into four categories; these relate to where a company is in its ‘life cycle’:

Growth – the delivery of strong revenue and profits growth

Quality – a business franchise that delivers a superior return on investment

Recovery – the process whereby a company produces a recovery in profits to ‘normal’ levels following decline

Asset-backed – the delivery of asset backed growth to a long-term investor.

Tandem bicycle selective focus

"We are, first and foremost, bottom up stock pickers, but the PVT philosophy provides an unemotional analysis of an investment, detached from swings in markets and investor sentiment that can come from macroeconomic events and the news"

Hugh Sergeant, portfolio manager

Investment process

We are practical investors who live and breathe the evaluation of company prospects. We also believe there are repeatable investment cycles that can be systematically exploited, so we combine quantitative research with fundamental stock-specific analysis.

Our proprietary quantitative analysis tool allows us to quickly and systematically review vast amounts of complex data efficiently, scrutinising a universe of UK and global equities in order that we can track down and target the best opportunities to investigate further.

We then use the knowledge, expertise and, importantly, experience of our team to carry out fundamental research to validate every PVT idea to find those that will work best in our portfolios.

Verification process

There are four stages to PVT idea verification:


Our quant tool's findings are discussed at our weekly team meetings. We’re looking for high scoring stocks. Once identified, one of the team is nominated to manage the verification process for that stock.


We test the PVT score and investment thesis through analyzing the key drivers of PVT relevant to the type of company we’re looking at.

Company meetings

Company meetings are an integral part of our process but we don’t believe in having meetings simply because we can or to screen the market. Instead, we meet with companies when we need answers to specific questions such as the key drivers of return on capital and growth.


We believe that team debate is an important process in ensuring effective testing of the validity of a stock’s PVT investment case, its strengths and weaknesses.

In the weekly verification meetings, all new ideas are presented, debated and questioned before any investment is accepted into the portfolios.

The importance of an effective sell discipline

As well as identifying exciting opportunities that we want to buy, we also monitor every company already in our portfolios to know when the time is right to exit or sell a position.

We systematically monitor the PVT scores of all portfolio holdings in our quantitative analysis tool. When scores fall significantly, we re-verify the investment case and debate the investment’s position at the weekly meeting. A systematic sell discipline is critical. Our selling process is driven by the same PVT philosophy. Shares where potential is deteriorating, where valuations are less attractive following a period of outperformance, or where timing is no longer optimal will all be examined.

"The longevity and consistency of a stable investment process continues to reap benefits for us and our clients. It allows us to remain true to our investment beliefs and insulated from the distraction of day to day market movements. By combining quantitative analysis with the knowledge and experience of our portfolio management team we ensure that our focus is always exactly where it needs to be – on finding great investment opportunities."

Dan Hanbury, portfolio manager

Investment strategies

We offer the following strategies for investment in global and international (ex US) equities:  

R&M Global Recovery

R&M Global High Alpha

R&M International High Alpha

Investment team

William Lough

Portfolio Manager, PVT Equities

William Lough

Portfolio Manager, PVT Equities

Will graduated from the University of Oxford with a First-Class Honours Degree in Modern History, before joining RAMAM as an equity analyst in 2009. In 2013 he was promoted to Director of Research and in 2014 became alternate Portfolio Manager on Hugh Sergeant’s Recovery and High Alpha strategies. Will is currently the lead Portfolio Manager on the UK Dynamic Equity Fund.

Hugh Sergeant

Head of Value & Recovery Strategies, PVT Equity

Hugh Sergeant

Head of Value & Recovery Strategies, PVT Equity

Hugh graduated from the London School of Economics with a degree in Economics. He joined Gartmore in 1987 as a UK equities graduate trainee and moved to Phillips & Drew in 1990, managing UK equities throughout his twelve years there.  He became Head of Smaller Companies in 1997, establishing a new team and launching the UBS Smaller Companies Fund. In March 2000 Hugh was promoted to Head of UK Equities at UBS Global Asset Management and Chairman of the UK Equities Committee.  He joined Société Générale Asset Management in 2002 where he was Head of UK Equities, manager of the Growth strategy and co-manager of the Special Opportunities Fund. Hugh was one of the founding members of RAMAM, joining in August 2006. Hugh is Head of Value and Recovery PVT Equities at RAMAM and manages the UK Equity High Alpha, UK Recovery, Global Recovery and Global High Alpha strategies.

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